Pekingese Breed Standard
The Pekingese is a well-balanced, compact dog of Chinese
origin with a heavy front and lighter hindquarters. Its temperament is one
of directness, independence and individuality. Its image is lionlike,
implying courage, dignity, boldness and self-esteem rather than daintiness
Size, Substance, Proportion
Size/Substance - The Pekingese, when lifted, is surprisingly heavy for its size. It has a stocky, muscular body. All weights are correct within the limit of 14 pounds. Disqualification: Weight over 14 pounds.
Proportion - Overall balance is of utmost importance. The
head is large in proportion to the body. The Pekingese is slightly longer
than tall when measured from the forechest to the buttocks. The overall
outline is an approximate ratio of 3 high to 5 long.
Face - The topskull is massive, broad and flat and, when
combined with the wide set eyes, cheekbones and broad lower jaw, forms the
correctly shaped face. When viewed from the front, the skull is wider than
deep, which contributes to the desired rectangular, envelope-shaped
appearance of the head. In profile, the face is flat. When viewed from the
side, the chin, nose leather and brow all lie in one plane, which slants
very slightly backward from chin to forehead. Ears - They are heart-shaped,
set on the front corners of the topskull, and lie flat against the head. The
leather does not extend below the jaw. Correctly placed ears, with their
heavy feathering and long fringing, frame the sides of the face and add to
the appearance of a wide, rectangular head. Eyes - They are large, very
dark, round, lustrous and set wide apart. The look is bold, not bulging. The
eye rims are black and the white of the eye does not show when the dog is
looking straight ahead.Nose - It is broad, short and black. Nostrils are
wide and open rather than pinched. A line drawn horizontally over the top of
the nose intersects slightly above the center of the eyes. Wrinkle - It
effectively separates the upper and lower areas of the face. It is a
hair-covered fold of skin extending from one cheek over the bridge of the
nose in a wide inverted V to the other cheek. It is never so prominent or
heavy as to crowd the facial features, obscure more than a small portion of
the eyes, or fall forward over any portion of the nose leather. Stop - It is
obscured from view by the over-nose wrinkle. Muzzle - It is very flat,
broad, and well filled-in below the eyes. The skin is black on all colors.
Whiskers add to the desired expression. Mouth - The lower jaw is undershot
and broad. The black lips meet neatly and neither teeth nor tongue show when
the mouth is closed.
Neck, Body, Tail
Neck - It is very short and thick. Body - It is
pear-shaped, compact and low to the ground. It is heavy in front with
well-sprung ribs slung between the forelegs. The forechest is broad and full
without a protruding breastbone. The underline rises from the deep chest to
the lighter loin, thus forming a narrow waist. The topline is straight and
the loin is short. Tail - The high set tail is slightly arched and carried
well over the back, free of kinks or curls. Long, profuse, straight fringing
may fall to either side.
They are short, thick and
heavy-boned. The bones of the forelegs are moderately bowed between the
pastern and elbow. The broad chest, wide set forelegs and the closer rear
legs all contribute to the correct rolling gait. The distance from the point
of the shoulder to the tip of the withers is approximately equal to the
distance from the point of the shoulder to the elbow. Shoulders are well
laid back and fit smoothly onto the body. The elbows are always close to the
body. Front feet are turned out slightly when standing or moving. The
pasterns slope gently.
They are lighter in bone
than the forequarters. There is moderate angulation of stifle and hock. When
viewed from behind, the rear legs are reasonably close and parallel, and the
feet point straight ahead when standing or moving.
Coat & Presentation
Coat - It is a long, coarse-textured, straight, stand-off
outer coat, with thick, soft undercoat. The coat forms a noticeable mane on
the neck and shoulder area with the coat on the remainder of the body
somewhat shorter in length. A long and profuse coat is desirable providing
it does not obscure the shape of the body. Long feathering is found on toes,
backs of the thighs and forelegs, with longer fringing on the ears and
tail. Presentation - Presentation should accentuate the natural outline of
the Pekingese. Any obvious trimming or sculpting of the coat, detracting
from its natural appearance, should be severely penalized.
All coat colors and markings are allowable and of equal merit. A black mask
or a self-colored face is equally acceptable. Regardless of coat color the
exposed skin of the muzzle, nose, lips and eye rims is black.
It is unhurried, dignified, free and strong, with a slight roll over the
shoulders. This motion is smooth and effortless and is as free as possible
from bouncing, prancing or jarring. The rolling gait results from a
combination of the bowed forelegs, well laid back shoulders, full broad
chest and narrow light rear, all of which produce adequate reach and
A combination of regal dignity,
intelligence and self-importance make for a good natured, opinionated and
affectionate companion to those who have earned its respect.
Weight over 14 pounds.
The foregoing is a description of the ideal Pekingese. Any deviation should be penalized in direct proportion to the extent of that deviation.
Approved: January 13, 2004 Effective: March 2, 2004